Bibliography Coursework


Inserting citations as you write with Microsoft Word ("Cite While You Write"):

If you have downloaded EndNotedesktop to your computer, an EndNote toolbar was automatically downloaded into your Word program. If you do not see the EndNote toolbar in Word

  • ​Go to EndNote Online
  • Click on the Format tab
  • Click on the Cite While You Write Plug-In link
  • Follow the instructions to download the toolbar.

Once you see the EndNote tab in Word's top menu, insert a reference into your Word document by:

  • Selecting which citation style you want to use -- APA 6th in the screenshot below
  • Then clicking the Insert Citation icon:

  • You will see a screen that will let you search your EndNote Online library for the reference you want to insert. Type an element of the reference, such as the author’s name, into the search box.  When the reference is displayed, either double-click on it, or click on it once and then click on the Insert button.

  • This is how your paper will look:


The form of entries in a bibliography for most kinds of written work, such as essays, is similar to that for the full reference, except that the author's surname and first name or initials are inverted. A note usually carries the page number(s) or other specific reference to the part of the source which is being cited, while the bibliography usually gives those designating the section of a journal or multi-author volume covered by the whole of the cited article. In the case of articles in edited collections you need to include a separate entry in the bibliography for each article that you have used and not just one entry for the edited collection as a whole.

e.g. Runnock, A. T., Medieval fortress building (Cambridge, 1976).
e.g. Salter, Elizabeth, 'Piers Plowman and the pilgrimage to truth', Essays and Studies 11 (1958), 30-48.
e.g. Tieje, Arthur Jerrold, 'A peculiar phase of the theory of realism in pre-Richardsonian fiction', PMLA 28 (1913), 213-52.
e.g. Pleterski, Janko, ‘The southern Slav question’, Mark Cornwall (ed.), The last years of Austria-Hungary (Exeter, 2002), pp. 119-48.
e.g. Ganz, David, ‘Review article: When is a library not a library?  The Anglo-Saxon Library by M. Lapidge’, Early Medieval Europe 17 (2009), 444-53
e.g. O’Hara, Alexander,  ‘Review of Bobbio in the early Middle Ages: the abiding legacy of Columbanus, by Michael Richter’, Early Medieval Europe 17 (2009), 467-8.

Bibliographies get more complicated when primary sources have been used; for instance in dissertations, the bibliography needs to be subdivided into primary and secondary works (in that order). In some cases there might be further subdivisions; for example where a range of different kinds of primary sources have been used (e.g. archival sources, newspapers, printed primary works etc). Primary sources are listed in alphabetical order by author or by title when there is no author. It is not always necessary to list every document used from an archive (these will appear in your references) but instead to list each collection used in each archive. It is hard to give hard and fast rules for this, as bibliographies will vary according to the sources you. So you will probably need to consult supervisors about the correct way to lay out the bibliography for the particular piece of work you are doing.

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