Slumdog Millionaire, which swept the board at the Baftas at the weekend and is hotly tipped to do the same at the Oscars later in the month, has ignited a debate across the world and on Cif on the poverty faced by millions in the slums of India.
However, as always, the Indian elephant in the room is the caste system – the root cause of poverty in India and seemingly the number one issue to be avoided at all costs by commentators.
In particular, no one seems willing to touch on the issue of "untouchability", despite the fact that 90% of the poorest of the poor in India are Dalits (who consider the term "untouchable" offensive). Though there are an estimated 170 million Dalits in India it would be almost impossible for a Dalit to overcome the hurdles faced by Jamal (played by Dev Patel) in the film.
Consider the romantic premise at the heart of Slumdog – that Jamal was able to answer all the questions on the Indian version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, not through luck, knowledge, or even cheating, but because it was "written". However, for Dalits, Hindu notions of destiny offer no such hope. As Dalits fall outside the caste system they are unable to be-reborn into a higher caste and so are consigned to poverty, in this life and the next. Their "unclean" status means they are forced to do work that higher-caste people consider polluting and refuse to do, such as cleaning human waste or dealing with death. A new report by Anti-Slavery International has emphasised that caste discrimination is at the heart of debt bondage in India and across South Asia. Most Dalits are paid less than the cost of living, forcing millions to borrow money at exorbitant interest rates from unscrupulous bosses who trick them into perpetual slavery.
Characters in the film joke that a humble call centre chai-wallah from the Mumbai slums is able to make it onto the quiz show. However, even this is out of kilter with reality: there is no evidence of any Dalits working in the 1.6 million-strong Indian call centre industry.
Unfortunately, many of the more brutal aspects of the film correspond more closely to the everyday experiences of Dalits. For a start, Dalit children are far more likely to have to eke out an existence scavenging on rubbish tips, or being forced to beg to survive. It is not unheard of for some Dalit children to be permanently disabled in order to increase their earning potential as beggars. Forced prostitution (which was to be fate of the leading lady until her rescue) is also far more likely to affect Dalit women. Even the comic scene of a young Jamal covered in human excrement mirrors the experiences of 1.3 million Dalits forced by the surrounding community to become "manual scavengers" collecting waste from dry toilets with their bare hands. Thousands only find work by cleaning open sewers, which they have to do without gloves, goggles or protective clothing. The young Jamal was lucky, for his efforts he was rewarded with an autograph from a famous Bollywood star. For most Dalits working with human waste the long-term effects will be disease and a plummeting life expectancy. Even the fact that in the film Jamal was a Muslim doesn't neutralise the issue. In India, the caste system is so pervasive that the poorest members of the Muslim, Sikh and Christian community are usually also Dalits. Of course, there is always a discrepancy between the movies and real life and Slumdog Millionaire does an excellent job lifting the lid on the experiences of the poor in urban India. But, perhaps it's time we started to ask why the world's largest democracy, which officially banned caste discrimination over 60 years ago, is unwilling to tackle the real causes that keep hundreds of millions of its own citizens trapped in poverty.
This is a comparion essay between the movie and the book of slumdog millionaire (the book is also known as Q&A). You can pick a side say which one do you prefer, the book or the movie( i prefer the movie better, but you can choose which one do you like better or easier for you to write about). Please have a really interesting introduction that can grab the readers\\\' attention, also a really strong thesis statement at the end of the introduction with 3 strong major points. 3 body paragraphs, each one refering back to the thesis statement, and a topic sentence for each one of the body paragraph. One of the introduction my teacher showed me as an example, the Lord of the flies: \\\"Change is the essence of life. Be willing to surrender what you are for what you could become. Linking the movie and novel of William Golding¡¯s Lord of the Flies there are many apparent differences. Despite the common plot, Hook failed to give the viewers the right idea of what Golding was trying to convey. Likewise, it is not only a change with the actual story line but also with some of the ways the characters acted. The three major differences that were seen are the shattering of the conch, the pilot¡¯s presence, and Ralph¡¯s attitude towards Piggy. Due to these major differences the novel left a greater impact on its readers than the movie on its viewers. three body paragraphs, you will be majorly talking about the comparasion between the book and the movie, and how is it different, which one is better, which one gives you more impact and why. For the conlusion, you need to refer back to your thesis statement, and conclude which one do you prefer, the book or the movie, and no personal pronouns throughout the whole essay. Also you need to pick a theme to talk about during the essay. Compare the theme in the book and the theme in the movie, see how each theme is portrayed differently in each one. Do you have an email, so I can send you some of my notes to help you to write this essay, and also I can send you the rubric. If you have any questions or concerns please feel free to email me and I will reply you ASAP. If you can finish a rough thesis statement in advance and send it to me, so I can give it to my teacher to approves it that will be great. Take your time on this essay, and find as many points as you want to support your thesis from the internet. ps: this is the final isp for this course, so please do a brilliant job on this, I really need boost my mark up on this project. Thank you. source..
Student’s Name:Course:Professor:Date Due:Who Wants to Win a Billion?Q&A was Swarup’s book, which was later adopted into a movie titled Slumdog Millionaire. The book is set in the Indian context to depict social stratification, poverty, prejudices, injustices and class struggles miring the Indian people. The lead character is Ram Mohammad Thomas a poor 18 year old teen brought up in a parentless home who manages to tackle 12 difficult questions in a show dubbed “Who Wants to Win a Billion?” and this sets a stage for conflict and drama in the tale. Both the book and the movie bear similitude in relation to unfolding sequence of events from beginning to the end. Slumdog Millionaire however deviates from the course of the plot by representing eschewed authenticity to the original story as portrayed in the book. Some facts are embellished and others totally repealed to shape perceptions and themes of the story. In both Q&A and Slumdog Millionaire events from Ram's past act as platform for his success; when given opportunity to participate in a very tough quiz his life lessons educe vital answers he needed most.[Thesis]Slumdog Millionaire is an engrossing fast-paced cliffhanger revolving around the life of Jamal a young man born and brought up in slums. As the story commences the audience is confronted by the daunting scene of Jamal being tortured by the police for purportedly cheating in a TV show dubbed “Who Wants to be a Millionaire?” The crime he committed was knowing- too- much. The commentator Prem Kumar tells Jamal “Final question for twenty million rupees, and he's smiling. I guess you know the answer.” (Boyle, 2009).The society did not expect a slumdog to be well versed with the matters being addressed. The plot peals in the modern day, as the questions explored offer a link between Jamal’s past and his present. Jamal’s was mired with challenges and difficulties especially when his mother died leaving him and his brother to fend for t...
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