Natural Disasters Cause And Effect Essay Structure

Natural Disasters

Natural disasters cause harmful effects when they occur. Natural disasters can be catastrophic. However, only effects of some natural disasters can be controlled. Effects of events like drought and famine and floods may be controllable through human efforts. This is however this does not mean that with efforts these disasters cannot occur. They can still occur. Natural disasters are as a result of natural processes. They can be said to be beyond human control. Catastrophic effects ofthe occurrence of natural disasters may destruct people from their normal ways of life. When disasters occur, disruption of activities for example farming may also occur. To restore the people back to their normal ways of life may become difficult. There is, however, the need for moral support for the people, financial assistance and provision and distribution of relief food to the people.

Effects of Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters on occurrence have diverse effects. Worst of all is that natural disasters such as tsunamis, drought and famine and also floods can cause death. Many lives have reportedly been lost after the occurrence of natural disasters. Any natural disaster that occurs causes shock among the residents. They keep worrying that such events can reoccur any time. Another significant effect of Natural Disasters is the displacement of people from their homes and usual locations. People have to migrate to areas where they feel safer. Others have to move as their homes and properties are destroyed. The area may also be declared dangerous and not fit for human settlement and thus people have to move to other areas. Diseases such as cholera and typhoid may occur as a result of floods. People are thus likely to suffer adversely as such diseases spread fast in case of floods. Food insecurity and scarcity may also occur as a result of the destruction of stored food and food in farms. In the event of disasters like drought and famine, people have nothing on their farms to rely on. These among other effects are harmful to human beings. For this reasons, Natural Disasters are said to be catastrophic.

What to do after occurrence of Natural Disasters

After a Natural Disaster has occurred, the people in the area need moral support. It is also essential that they are provided with financial resources. Relief food donation and distribution to the people is also necessary. Most importantly, the people of the locality should be helped to relocate in case there is need to relocate from the area.

Materials and Technology

Student Interactives





  • Danger! Volcanoes by Seymour Simon (SeaStar Books; 2002)

  • Computer with Internet access

  • LCD projector

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Grades   3 – 12  |  Student Interactive  |  Organizing & Summarizing

Essay Map

The Essay Map is an interactive graphic organizer that enables students to organize and outline their ideas for an informational, definitional, or descriptive essay.


Grades   3 – 12  |  Student Interactive  |  Organizing & Summarizing

ReadWriteThink Webbing Tool

The Webbing Tool provides a free-form graphic organizer for activities that ask students to pursue hypertextual thinking and writing.


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1.Before completing this lesson, students should have background information about what expository texts are, how they are structured, and how they are different from fiction. You might want to prepare students by conducting the following lessons:

2.Obtain and familiarize yourself with an expository text that uses a cause-and-effect structure. This lesson uses Danger! Volcanoes by Seymour Simon. Familiarize yourself with the structure of the text and locate key words that signal cause-and-effect relationships. These words include cause, effect, because, if, and then.

3.Obtain copies of additional books that use a cause-and-effect structure. The Natural Disaster Booklist includes books that relate to the theme of this lesson. If you are using a book other than Danger! Volcanoes, you will want to find books that deal with a similar topic.

4.Visit the ReadWriteThink Webbing Tool and the Essay Map and familiarize yourself with their use so you can explain them to students. You will be creating a cause-and-effect map for Danger! Volcanoes (see the Sample Graphic Organizer for Danger! Volcanoes). If you have a classroom computer with Internet access and an LCD projector available, arrange to use them during Session 1. If not, create a blank cause-and-effect map on chart paper (see Blank Graphic Organizer).

5.If you do not have classroom computers with Internet access, reserve two 30- to 45-minute sessions in your school's computer lab (see Sessions 2 and 3). Bookmark the ReadWriteThink Webbing Tool and the Essay Map on your classroom or lab computers.

6.Make a copy of the Cause-and-Effect Graphic Organizer Rubric, Cause-and-Effect Paragraph Rubric, and Sample Paragraph for each student.

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